The Federation of St. Kitts & Nevis recently experienced an increase in rainfall associated with
the passage of Tropical Storm Philippe. Increase in rainfall is often associated with an increase in
mosquito vector levels and an increase in risk of spread of mosquito related diseases such as
Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya. The Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) has reported
an upsurge in laboratory confirmed cases of Dengue in the region and Dengue outbreaks have
been reported in three CARPHA member states.
Dengue viral infection is caused by the dengue virus which is transmitted mainly by female
mosquitoes of the species – Aedes aegypti which is prevalent in the Federation. St. Kitts & Nevis
is at risk for a Dengue outbreak. Therefore, it is imperative that the Ministry of Health (MOH),
through its Environmental Health Departments, augment/strengthen its mosquito surveillance
efforts/activities to reduce the risk of mosquito-related diseases like Dengue. Locally, the MOH
reported three laboratory confirmed cases of dengue during this past week.
Dengue is a flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults. Symptoms usually
begin four to ten days after being bitten by a dengue infected mosquito. The symptoms include
high fever, headaches, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains and skin rash. The illness can
evolve into severe Dengue, characterized by intense and continuous abdominal pain, persistent
vomiting, and mucosal bleeding. Affected persons should access medical care at the nearest
health center or hospital if these occur.
The most effective way to avoid getting sick from viruses spread by mosquitoes is to prevent
mosquito bites. We can mitigate the impact and spread of Dengue and other mosquito -borne
diseases by taking the following ten (10) actions including:
GOVERNMENT OF SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
Lot 6B Bladen Commercial Development, Wellington Road, P.O. Box 186, BASSETERRE, ST. KITTS
TEL:(869) 465 2521, FAX:(869) 466 8574,(869) 465 1316
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- Protect yourself by using personal repellents on skin & clothes.
- Use bed nets if adult mosquitoes are prevalent.
- Wear protective clothing like long pants and long-sleeved tops.
- Protect your homes by using screens for doors and windows.
- Protect your homes, schools and offices by disposing of all bottles, cans, and water
holding containers in an approved refuse bin with appropriate covers. Keep lawn, grass
and vegetation trimmed.
- Change and replenish water in vases daily.
- Change and replenish pet and animal drinking troughs daily.
- Store all used and new tyres in a dry place.
- Report any body of stagnant water to the local Environmental Health Department.
- If you are experiencing – fever, joint pains, pain behind eyes and a rash, you should seek
medical care at the nearest health facility.
Individually and collectively, we have a responsibility to do our part in reducing the mosquito
breeding sites to contain the spread of Dengue and other mosquito-borne diseases. Let us take
action to maintain the health and wellness of our people.
Office of the Chief Medical Officer
Saturday October 7, 2023